This paper illustrates that states are the major actors in the international system, and on this basis, there is no actor that has the capability of regulating the affairs of the states. Krehoff further explains that under realism, states will only relate with other states, in pursuance of their interests, and not the interest of the global good. Dominese defines international anarchy as a concept whereby the international system does not have a leader, i.e. a sovereign worldwide government does not exist. On this basis, Dominese denotes that the international system does not have a hierarchical authority which has the capability of enforcing laws, and resolving disputes, just like states in the domestic politics.
This observation by Dominese is correct, and this is because legal international institutions such as the International Criminal Court (ICC) only depends on the goodwill of signatory states to arrest and handover people indicted by the court. On this basis, Goldstein denotes that without cooperation from member states, ICC won’ t be able to carry out its mandate. Tight denotes that this lack of a hierarchical structure at the international system is one of the main reasons as to why institutions formed by the principles of liberalism will always serve the interests of rich states of the world.
Basu further denotes that the accumulation of power and the need for survival are the major factors that influence the behavior of states in the international system. On this note, states will carry out any activity aimed at meeting their objectives. This creates suspicion at the international stage, amongst the various states, and because of these suspicions that exist between various states; it is difficult to create an international legitimate authority.
For instance, the League of Nations failed to be a legitimate authority because of suspicions between the various states that formed the League of Nations. Based on these arguments of realism, Goldstein explains that a legitimate international authority does not exist.
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