The chronic illness is able to make peace and get in terms with the situation facing him or her and also learn how to adapt and even make the necessary adjustments whether they are physical or psychological and also help the others make such adjustments as well. Other than understanding why the illness occurred, the person is able search for the implications of such a chronic illness to life and this mainly leads to bringing new meaning to the whole concept of life. This has especially been proven to be true for patients with cancer or those who have suffered Post Traumatic Stress Disorder for a long time (Schwabish, 2009). The second reaction of gaining a sense of mastery involves gaining a sense of control over the situation (mentally and physically) now that the patient has already understood what the illness entails in terms of causes.
The patient therefore in a process of recovering psychologically also starts changing lifestyle for the better to avoid the recurrence of the illness. These changes which are as a result of mastery of the illness include eating habits, exercises and change of other harmful lifestyle.
For cancer patients for example, they start avoiding carcinogenic food and keep on with regular check-ups in the hospital. All this is possible because at this point, the patient has started gaining control of not only the illness but of life in general and psychologically, the patient is settled (Brennan and Moynihan, 2004). The last is the process of self-enhancement where now that the patient has taken control of his or her life, he or she seeks to restore self-esteem.
This happens through self-evaluation where the patient seeks comparison with others who have gone through the illness but adjusted differently or also compares how he or she was at the onset of the illness and the psychological and physical state currently. The patient may also seek role models as a source of encouragement and for moral support in uplifting and restoring the self-esteem (Folkman, 2010). Discuss some of the psychosocial factors which may explain why two people with spinal Cord injury experience post-trauma life very differently to each other. (Using four or more psychosocial factors. One of the strongest psychosocial factor that brings about a major difference between the two people is social support network and especially family.
Family offers not only emotional but physical support to the patient which is what the patient requires more in order to
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