Man’s capacity to communicate highlighted the need for survival in groups, and, therefore, cultural transmission emerged (Sosis 319). These adaptation models and need to survive in groups led to the emergence of religion. Various concepts have emerged, in an endeavor to explain the challenges of the evolution of religion. Commitment theory, initiated by Robert Frank and developed by Richard Sosis attempts to answer questions regarding the origin of religions (Sosis 319). To begin with, the Commitment theory underlines that various religions are both rational and irrational. The justification of the fact that religion is rational is that it attempts to bring individuals together, and cooperate towards the achievement of dissimilar endeavors.
The irrationality of various religious beliefs lies in the fact that such beliefs are based on unverifiable paranormal beings and forces (Sosis 319). The theory highlights the notion that people irrationally commit themselves to unverifiable truths. These truths are crucial in creating trust among members of such groups. The concept states that trust is a predicament to individuals, owing to its creation of a platform that individuals may employ to deceive others (Sosis 321).
As such, individuals may desert the logic, and endeavor to pursue irrational beliefs, an action that may compel other individuals to follow his or her course. However, religious organizations are perceived to have a higher internal teamwork and have successful endeavors as compared to their non-religious counterparts. As such, Commitment theory emphasizes that a religion evolves to sustain the benefits of group collaboration while attaching individuals to empirically subjective structure of faiths (Sosis, 328). These commitments lead to a conducts boosts mutual aid.
Besides, because religion is also a culture in itself, studies associate modern industrial cultures with longevity and health. Individuals may also view the rationality of religion in an economic perspective. Religions have also evolved over time to promote closeness. One may experience the psychological benefits of religion since it serves as a cohesive family. Some cult-like religions may highlight the need of closeness, to the point of imposing taboos that deter involvement of members with the extended society. Cognitive theory also attempts to explain the origin of religions (Sosis 320).
The cognitive theory also endeavors to underscore the rationale behind the popularity and wide acceptance of diverse religions globally.
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