In December 1996, Disability Discrimination Act, 1995, was enacted, which provides protection from discrimination for disabled people in terms of employment, accesses to goods, facilities, and services, management, buying, or renting of land or property as well as education. This implied that an employer must not treat a disabled person less favourably because of a reason relating to their disability without justifiable reason and the employer is required to make reasonable adjustments to working conditions or the workplace where that would help accommodate a particular disabled person. From October 1, 2006, part III of Disability Discrimination act 1995 and the new Disability Discrimination Act 2005, in terms of access to the employment and services provided, it states that it is unlawful to discriminate against disabled people.
General duty to promote disability equality was placed on public authorities. They are required to regard the needs to promote equal opportunity between disabled people and others; discrimination should be eliminated, harassment of disabled people which is related to their disabilities should be eliminated; positive attitudes towards disabled people should be promoted; participation by disabled people in public life should be encouraged; steps to take account of disabled people’ s disability should be taken, even if that would involve treating disabled people more favourable than others.
Based on Sexual OrientationOn December 1, 2003, Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003 came and made it unlawful to discriminate workers on the grounds of sexual orientation towards the person of the same sex (lesbians and gay men, opposite sex (heterosexuals), same and opposite sex (bisexuals). This prohibits discrimination on the grounds of perceived and actual sexual orientation and association with someone who is lesbian, gay, heterosexual or bisexual.
For instance, telling jokes and teasing the worker who is gay or has a son who is also gay. This instance may be harassment on grounds of sexual orientation (Sheard, A., 2006a).
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