In this study, we shall use the application principle. 6 This principle is centered on the application of truth that is made only after making the correct interpretation in relation to old and New Testament texts. Both the testaments can be understood in the light of grammatical-historical meaning of each passage. Through this interpretation, there is the use of two New Testament surfaces in relation to an Old Testament surface. The first aspect, the New Testament writer, observed the grammatical-historical understanding of the Old Testament passage. 7 The second aspect has the New Testament writer going beyond the grammatical-historical sense in the use of an Old Testament passage.
The basis of the principle dictates that every Old Testament passage must have its own grammatical-historical interpretation no matter how a New Testament writer uses it. The Old Testament passage must not receive multiple meaning for this will dilute the accurate correlation of the passages. In the understanding of the Old Testament prophesies, two types of treatments are used. The first treatment is known as the literal use of the Old Testament in the New Testament.
This literal treatment is used in a number of Old Testament passages, and the New Testament records the actual events as a satisfaction to the principle. The use of the passages in Mathew 1:23 with that in Isaiah 7:14 give a clear example. God through Prophet Isaiah offers King Ahaz a sign in Isaiah 7:10-11, but Ahaz in feigned humility refused to accept the offer as indicated in Isaiah 7:12. Because King Ahaz refused to accept the first sign, the Lord chooses another sign that is described in Isaiah 7:14. This sign involves the miraculous of a son to a virgin. 10The Hebrew interpretation of the word “virgin” is an unmarried woman.
This is proved in Proverbs 30:19; Genesis 24:43 and Songs of Solomon 6:8. Therefore, the birth of Isaiah’s own son in Isaiah 8:3 could not have fulfilled this prophesy because he was born of a married woman. Furthermore, the birth of Isaiah’s son could not satisfy the promise of a “sign” and the Isaiah’s son was not named “Immanuel” as stated in Isaiah 7:14. However, in Mathew 1:23, the fulfilment of this prophesy is evident in the birth of Israel’s messiah being born of a virgin and Him being named “Immanuel” as indicated in Isaiah 7:14.11 This is a literal fulfilment
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