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Ethical Issues in Access to Water - Legal Validation of Water as a Human Right and Controversies

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Ethics is the outcome of differences regarding possible ways to approach an issue. According to Schmidt and Brown (2010) “ These disagreements may occur in at least three areas. First, claims about facts or states of affairs, such as those about adequate water quantity-because we need to know what we mean by ‘ adequate’ . Second, claims about correctly ordered social relationships, such as whether water should be allocated according to economics or on the basis of factors such as human rights or rights to property or healthy ecosystems. Third, claims about personal experiences, such as water’ s significance to people of a particular culture or belief. ” ( Schmidt & Brown, 2010, p.

4) Given the necessity of life and the pervasiveness of water, these above-discussed agreements overlap each other. This can be said by giving an example. A person may find offering some flowers in the river as his/her spiritual belief and someone may find the same phenomena as an act of pollution. Water ethics, in general, is a normative framework for guiding various actions that affect water. Organizations like the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMSET) has organized three themes related to water ethics.

They are “ (1) a sense of shared purpose and harmony with nature, (2) a balance between traditional human values and technological innovation, and (3) harmony between “ the sacred and the utilitarian in water, between the rational and the emotional. ” (Schmidt & Brown, 2010, p. 5) Water ethics and water use decisions bear general consequences for both the biotic component and a-biotic component of the earth. Water ethic may be viewed as an aspect of regulating optimal management practices in natural resource policy.

The paper, therefore, argues that while access to water is a human right, care should be taken to manage water in an ethical way in order to do justice to the environment. 2. Business ethics and water According to Matten and Crane (2007), “ Ethical theories are the rules and principles that determine right or wrong for a given situation” . 

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preview essay on Ethical Issues in Access to Water - Legal Validation of Water as a Human Right and Controversies
  • Pages: 19 (4750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: People
  • Level: High School
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