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The Essence of the British Constitution

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Some of the salient features and principles of the British constitution include the Rule of Law, Bill of Rights, Human Rights Acts and the Sovereignty of parliament (Hatchard and Slinn, 1999). Parliamentary supremacy as a concept only is dedicated to expressing the magnitude o importance and esteem with which parliament is held in the United Kingdom. Parliament is in effect accorded greater power over the courts and government institutions. Parliament can, in fact, overrule any legislation that might have been instituted by previous parliaments. The constitution of Britain also allows Parliament to enact any laws regarding any government activities in so far as they are subject to change by future governments.

The uncodified constitution governs four countries namely England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland (Hatchard and Slinn, 1999). The four countries exist as independent states and have their own legislative and executive institutions. The constitution furthermore gives parliament the power to abolish the authority of the aforementioned countries at will making it simple to amend their laws. In the United Kingdom, the rule of law is applied to all individuals equally.

The law is deemed supreme like it happens to be in other countries. Justice is accorded to individuals andThe bill of rights is the short form of the Act of the English Parliament which is entitled: An Act Declaring the Rights and liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown. This Act is often also called the English Bill of Rights. This Bill was passed in December 1689 and has since been used as the basis for Human rights reforms in the United Kingdom. This bill sets out the limits on the sovereign and lays out the rights of parliament.

It also lays down the rules for the freedom of speech in parliament as well as stipulating the requirement for regular parliamentary elections. In addition to all these, the bill also establishes the right to lawfully petition the monarchical authority without any fear of retribution.

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