According to Sanford Pinker writes in his "Was Ralph Waldo Emerson Our First Speaker" that motivational speakers convey the good news that achieving spirituality or money is very easy than one can imagine. He goes ahead in this article to assert that these motivational speakers not only say that majority of people are unhappy, but also that the institutions of higher learning are not doing a good job in training the students on how to distinguish real things from pale imitation. (P. 3) in this regard, the different arguments in Emerson’ s "Self-Reliance" and "American Scholar" draw the contrast to the descriptions of the stated claims.
The Emersion’ s "Self-Reliance" and "American Scholar" have definite similarities. He expresses his Transcendentalism, a belief that all that is in the world is actually a microcosm of the universe. Emerson asserts that everyone should disregard any external authority and rely on their direct experience in order to avoid direct influence that may result into any bad teachings as asserted by Sanford Pinker writes in his "Was Ralph Waldo Emerson Our First Motivational Speaker". To Emerson, self-reliance is a cornerstone to the writings he did.
Even Thoreau in his writings backed him up by saying that "Much of Any fool can make a rule, and any fool will mind it. " Therefore the teachings in higher institutions of learning may hence be embraced by the students as they might not be aware of the reality, but only the pale imitation of the truth. According to Emerson attack the professors and teachers in both universities and secondary schools who adore canons of literacy. Majority of people in most religions blindly accept literature sources from the past and as holy dogma that cannot be questioned.
This entertains the claim that writers were just men who were seeking union with the Over-Soul and at the same time asking questions as “ Cicero, Locke, and Bacon were only young men in libraries" (p. 1532). Although Emersion has doubts about the misuse of books by the American Scholar, he loved the books and saw them as an immense source.
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