The fourth definition of environmental security concerns the amalgamation of the three aforementioned definitions of environmental security into one combined concept which can integrate the essence of environmental security perfectly. Environmental security is the term which takes in to account the governmental threats to environmental protection, the quality of environmental protection policies implemented by the country, and the effective use of resources and collaboration with other states in order to safeguard the environment. The United Nations plays a pivotal role in checking international security threats. Since the UN is the apex body which holds a significant amount of influence on the decision-making process of all the major powers in the world today, the role of the United Nations in curbing the effects of environmental degradation is immense.
There are a number of issues pertaining to international security which can be considered by the UN, especially in the areas of population growth, declining water tables around continents, global change on climatic patterns and the prevailing laws governing environmental policymaking. A group of the UN called the United Nations Foundation has formed which deals with challenges of climate change, terrorism threats to the environment and water shortages globally, among others.
One of the key issues for the UN is identifying environmental issues from other types of problems such as world health and development issues. According to Smith et al, environmental causes would be responsible for 25% of all deaths worldwide (Smith et. The World Health Organization has estimated that the number of deaths due to global warming would reach 300,000 by the year 2030. Although there’ s been an enormous advance in science in the last decade or so especially in the field of medical science, as regards environment, technology has made very little progress.
One of the important debates at the moment is whether climate change has a strong effect on hurricanes, global cooling or global warming.
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