Cattle breeding was not only a source of meat, skin and fat, but later, people learned how to get milk and dairy cattle. Metal working was a new step in the progress. It led to the expansion of trade, which in turn led to more severe changes associated with the rapid development of a new political, economic and social phenomenon - the medieval city. Expanding the network of metallurgical enterprises, the emergence of new technologies for processing metal and therefore new instruments, the invention of the round rod, caused a general rise in the cultural and artistic life in many European countries. Modern industrial and urban civilization Intensive industrialization is the process of development of modern forms of industry - factories, machines, large-scale industrial processes, which are playing a leading role in the socio-economic system, replacing other forms of economic activities (hunting, fishing, and agriculture).
As a result fundamental changes in employment peoples are appearing in the processes of industrialization and urbanization. Let`s pay attention to intense urbanization - the growth of political and socio-economic role of cities and the increasing migration from rural to urban environments.
The researchers describe it in terms of role conflict, the uncertain situation, status inconsistency or discrepancy, cultural fragmentation, polarization and exclusion. The geological human impact on nature is reflected in the shrinkage of the soil, removal of minerals, agricultural activity and so on. (Goudie 159). Such impacts are represented with the deliberate actions of humans in order to move or re-use soil and minerals (Price et. all web). Anthropogenic processes include mining, construction for industry and settlement, processing of metal ore and construction of infrastructure. Especially we can point the technology raise of the 20th century, which brought global changes for the humanity.
Now the humanity is threatening the world`s ecosystem, continuing the development of technology, biological experiments and so on. Air and water pollution are causing soil erosion, damage to fauna and flora in the development of a number of areas, not enough economical use of land, oil, gas and coal, metal ores and other mineral is disturbing the humans. With the expansion of needs of the growing industry, the demand for various types of raw materials is raising too.
Many natural resources are great, but not unlimited. Natural resource management and environmental protection largely depends on the state of health, working conditions and living standards.
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