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Endangered languages and cultures

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Vulnerable languages are spoken by most children but limited to certain areas like homes. Examples of languages in this category are South Italian, Sicilian, Low Saxon, Belarusian and many more. Secondly, definitely endangered language is that where children do not learn their mother tongue language at home. They comprise of Badaga, Laz, Chambeali, Kolami and many more. Thirdly, severely endangered are languages that are spoken by the older generation and the grandparents understand it; however, they do not communicate using the language to their children or themselves. 2 These languages include Wajarri, Nafusi, Gallo, Sierra Totonac and others.

Further, critically endangered are languages that the youngest orators are grandparents and they tend to speak irregularly and partially using the language. Examples are Yarawi, Volow, Yahgan and many more. Lastly, in extinct language are no there more orators left. Examples of extinct languages are Tobada, Canichana, Lae, Aasax, Ahom and many more. Cunningham, Ingram, and Sumbuk (2006) assert that languages are becoming extinct globally through globalization, political repression and urbanization.

A new project to save the languages is in place and it aims to reserve the linguistic diversity that is lost as young people turn to languages taught in the media and schools and the old native speakers pass away. The project aims at documenting and recording languages that face the possibility of becoming extinct. Grenoble (1999) refutes that by doing so it will preserve the stories, chants, and poems about different language varieties The rate of language disappearance is extremely high.

In a span of two weeks, one language is said to fall out of use. Such a rate is quite escalating. Over the 7000 languages spoken all over the world, half are in danger of extinction in this era. Some disappear instantly with the demise of the only surviving speaker while other are lost in fluent cultures due to overwhelming of the native tongues by the central language in television, schools, and marketplaces. Regions that have been identified to loose languages rapidly are Central South America, Eastern Siberia, Southwest United States, Oklahoma, North America Upper Pacific Coastal Zone, and North Australia.

All these regions are full of native orators speaking varied languages but in declining numbers. In the last two decades, linguists spent time collecting comparative data. Large atlases on languages have been printed and surveys carried out.

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