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Emergency Responses in Case of a Catastrophe

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A public health officer is responsible for giving information during emergencies. The public health personnel provides to the public and collaborating agencies accurate information as to how the calamity has affected the region and the necessary emergency measures that have already been taken to bring the situation under control. He/ she is also responsible for organizing and integrating a team that aims at rescuing and preventing further damage and deaths of people and domestic animals by the calamity. The chain of command is as follows. At the topmost is the disaster commander who is in charge and responsible for the whole situation.

Immediately under the disaster commander are the public information officer and liaison officers. The public information officer should understand the principles of risks in communication. He/she is responsible for giving accurate public health information to the public and collaborating agencies. His/her role is to ensure that the message is consistent. The liaison officer, on the other hand, serves as a point of contact for supporting agencies and answering their questions and providing briefings whenever necessary. The officer also prevents the agencies from being bombarded with questions and requests. The next level includes the operations chief officer whose main work is to develop and implement strategies and tactics with the aim of carrying out incident objectives.

He is responsible for organizing tactic resources and ensuring that there is good communication with the people delivering the resources. The planning chief officer also falls in this level and he/she is responsible for gathering, analyzing, and disseminating information. The personnel are responsible for compiling an incident action plan and focusing on what might come next within the incident.

The personnel should possess qualities of good written and communication skills. Within the same level, the logistics chief officer is responsible for acquiring space and supplying the equipment necessary for the incident. He/she should be fast, accurate, and precise.

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