The key considerable importance of ‘Pacem in Terris’ principle was the arguments that affirms that civil authorities of the nation have the obligation to provide equitable protection for freedom. Besides, the notion of encyclical ‘Pacem in Terris’ in the current scenario affirmed that everyone whether individuals or families of the society as well as the states should perceive to work through maintaining harmony and peace along with promoting the environment of truth and love to contribute overall human development in a solidarity manner. Nevertheless, encyclical provided important lessons to create an environment of peace through the origin of divine human beings, society, as well as authority.
Furthermore, in the encyclical ‘Pacem in Terris’ John XXIII affirmed that principal political as well civil rights should be guaranteed to each person in a best possible manner that would promote the formation and support to the family (Filteau, “Experts: Pacem in Terris had radical impact on church teaching”). PEACE THEME IN THE PONTIFICATES OF PAUL VI AND JOHN PAUL II Paul VI or Giovanni Battista Montini was the pope of ‘Roman Catholic church’ for the period of 1963-78.
Additionally, pontificate of peace was mainly to deal with the uncertainties and various problems that the church faced during the changing dimension of world environment. Before being named as the pope, Paul VI worked towards providing solution to mitigate the various social problems that had a significant impact in order to maintain peace worldwide. Paul VI during enduring his period as the pope continuously upheld towards promoting peace through equitable justice and love. Besides, Paul VI affirmed that the people should maintain peace through the mean of justice and freedom based on the rights of individual and community.
Simultaneously, Pope Paul VI also sought to maintain peace in various part of the world including Middle East, Dominican Republic, Congo, and Nigeria (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, “Christi Matri (September 15, 1966)”). Correspondingly, Pope John Paul II in the period of 1978-2005 was the pope of the Catholic Church. He was the second pope who served the longest in the modern history and reconciled to work towards breaking the communist rule in Poland and European nations. During his tenure of serving as the pope, he visited various Muslim nations in order to develop peaceful coexistence between the Muslims and Christian’s regions people.
Moreover, Pope John Paul II pontificates and affirmed that nation should form legitimate defense through the formation of armed forces for ensuring and maintaining peace.
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