Critics argue that the theory does not provide enough protection for individual rights, as well as not everything cannot be measured by the same standards. Other issues have not been considered such as rights, justice, depression personal relationships, and neglecting our normal lives. For example, some actions create the best possible outcomes in terms of happiness. However, that does not necessarily work according to justice. We cannot actively pursue happiness alone as it is an insensitive view of humanity. If companies seek pleasure or happiness alone, they may end up exploiting people or use illegal procedures to reach their happiness.
Consequently, this may ruin its reputation. Recently, Enron was in such situation, engaging in immoral activity led to the firm collapse and some of its top managers were jailed. When using Bentham's theory, it’ s hard to predict how the decision will affect people in the future. Furthermore, the consequences cannot be foreseen and thus an action may not be taken to cater goodness for all. If we can anticipate what will happen in future, how can you base it on what will happen?
Rachels attempts to define morality by giving examples of physically challenged children. Baby Theresa was born without auxiliary brain functions. Such pregnancies defect requires termination, but her parents decided to have Baby Theresa in the hope that her organs can be used to assist other children (Rachels & Rachels, 2010). Advocates for this argued that her organs would not help her, meaning that life is worthless if we do not have the ability to interact with others. On the other hand, opposes argued that it is wrong to use human life to fulfill the need of another life.
Moral judgment must, therefore, be supported by sound reasoning and morality impartial consideration of the parties involved. The minimum conception of morality which argues that it is the effort to guide individuals conduct by reason while giving equal attention to the interest of both parties affected by what one does.
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