Studies show that children of Alcoholics (COAs) do suffer a lot of negative consequences there are other studies that suggest that many children do not experience serious problems due to parental alcohol abuse. In a longitudinal study conducted on the island of Kauai involving COAs born there, Werner reported that ‘ although 41% of the children developed serious coping problems by 18 years of age, 59% did not develop problems. ; 1986) According to him, these children possessed great resilient characteristics that included having the ability to gain positive attention from other people in their environment, good communication skills, a burning desire to achieve though with average intelligence and an attitude of caring and depending on self – help.
Our study is going to examine those areas of parental alcohol abuse in close relation of the adverse effects it has on children where their growth and development is concerned. Alcohol abuse has a drastic effect on the child even while it is a fetus in the mother’ s womb and harms the child adversely by damaging the growth of the cells in the fetus.
This condition is termed as ‘ fetal alcohol spectrum disorder” (FASD) and describes the wide range of the effects of alcohol on the unborn child. These effects could be mental or physical or sometimes involve both which leave ugly scars for the rest of the child’ s life and in many cases, the child is unable to overcome these effects. Any amount of alcohol whether little or plenty affects an unborn child. FASD can be prevented by a pregnant mother not touching alcohol at all because when a pregnant mother consumes alcohol, her baby does so too.
No studies have proved that it is safe for pregnant mothers to drink. On the other hand studies in research have proved that alcohol drinking by pregnant mothers have affected their babies in different ways and sometimes even beyond repair. It is highly recommended that parental drinking, especially during pregnancy, should be avoided at all costs to avoid its worst effects.
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