Educational policy in Saudi Arabia is pegged on the general ideologies of Islamic religion which is the dominant religion in the country (Shulman et al, 2011). These principles are derived from the belief that the process of learning and performance of different duties in society should be based on Godly values and the teachings of the Islamic religion. It is a belief in Saudi Arabia that educational education should meet the needs of society and achieve the objectives of the nation. This means that fields of study, educational strategies, curricula, systems of education, administrative systems, as well as hardware based on education and other factors in education are focused on the achievement of these societal objectives (Sedgwick, 2001).
Undoubtedly, the Saudi Arabian educational policy was developed and continues to be anchored in Islamic teachings. It is these teachings that guide other tenets of society like the country’ s ethics, doctrine, worship, law, and judgment and this is believed to create an integrated system of life. The educational system was the first vital social establishment developed in Saudi Arabia. Established in 1925 The Directorate of Education was considered to be among the fourteen starting points in the development of the education system (Sedgwick, 2001).
Significantly, the government came up with the basic instructions and guidelines that are believed to have created the foundations for the educational system in Saudi Arabia. Later, after 28 years of The Directorate of Education’ s existence, The Ministry of Education was established bringing with it a new period of evaluation for the educational system and King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz was appointed to head this crucial ministry.
He is remembered for contributing immensely to the expansion and distribution of educational resources that were available during his period in office. The ministry is credited for the development manifested in the many schools that have opened since its creation.
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