Questionnaires were administered to both groups on parenting before, upon completion and six to twelve months after the program. The researchers then analyzed the data for changes in score over time. This was a Level C study under AACN’s new categorization. The study was both quantitative and correlational, but lacking randomized controlled trails. The participants of the study were grouped into two. The first group comprised 79 non-clinical caregiver parents whose children attended the ICDP while the second group comprised 62 parents whose children did not attend the programme.
The results showed that parents whose children attended the ICDP reported improved scores on parenting and trends towards greater self-efficacy relative to the group whose children did not attend the programme. The attending group also reported fewer feelings of loneliness in parenting. The ICDP group also reported that following the program, their children spent less time watching television and playing video games. The researchers concluded that in order to sustain the initial gains from the ICDP, there ought to be follow-up programs(Skar, von Tetzchner, & Clucas, 2015). Article 5 Trajectories of personal control in cancer patients receiving psychological care Published in Psycho-oncology in 2014 The authors of the paper describe the study as naturalistic. The study had three objectives.
First, it sought to group the subjects, who were cancer patients, according clear personal control trajectories while they received psychological care(Zhu, Schroevers, & van der Lee, Trajectories of personal control in cancer patients receiving psychological care, 2014). Secondly, the study sought to examine whether trajectories could be delimited along the lines of clinical and psychological care. Finally, the study sought to differentiate patterns in the various trajectories.
The study involved 241 cancer patients under psychological care at the seven psycho-oncological facilities in the Netherlands. Data were collected at three stages: before the start of psychological care, three months after the care had been given and nine months later. The data were then subjected to latent class growth analysis for trends in personal control trajectories. This was a Level C study under AACN’s new categorization. The study was both quantitative and correlational, but lacking randomized controlled trails. The subjects of the study were 241 cancer patients drawn from the seven psycho-oncological facilities in the Netherlands.
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