Overcrowded prisons often leave many inmates unable to receive the mental health services needed due to financial constraints (for example, transporting inmates). Telemental health services administer counseling services over a phone. Little previous research has been performed in regards to telemental health services. Participants included 186 males that were previously diagnosis with a mental health illness all of which were receiving mental health services. The groups were divided as followed: 50 inmates received counseling in person in a general population prison, 36 inmates received telemental health services in a general prison population, 50 inmates received counseling in person in a psychiatric prison and 50 inmates received telemental health psychiatric services in the general prison population.
The study utilized an experimental research design. Inmates were provided with services and then assessed with a self reporting scale similar to the Likert-type scale. Limitations in this study include the small sample size. The quantitative data collected determined that there were no significant differences between inmates administered telemental health services and inmates administered in-person counselling services. Article Three: Modified Therapeutic Community Treatment for Offenders with MICA Disorders: Substance Use Outcomes Researchers Sullivan, McKendrick and Sacks (2007) seek to determine the outcomes of offenders suffering from “ Mental Illness and Chemical Abuse (MICA)” (p.
2) utilizing Modified TC (MTC) treatments in determining the effectiveness of reducing criminal behavior. Inmates participating had a mean sentence of twelvemonth in an incarceration facility. Participants were divided into three groups as followed: Group A: Upon release from incarceration these offenders elect to continue participation for six months in an MTC program, B: Offenders released from incarceration that did not continue with an MTC program and C: offenders that continued treatment in other programs. Limitations of this study include the small sample size (N=139).
This research focused on the longitudinal results produced.
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