Planning Managers are involved in the planning of the business environment in organizations. The planning aspect for managers entails the identification of goals and objectives that the organization seeks to achieve. They also determine the methods and strategies to be used in the achievement of the pre-set goals and objectives of the organizations in which they head (Rondeau, 2011). It is the responsibility of the manager to ensure that the goals and objectives of organizations are met and achieved within the stipulated time frame. To ensure that the objectives are realized, the managers ensures that the organization runs smoothly and any impediments and obstacles that might derail the organization from achieving its goals and objectives are removed.
In the traditional organizational management system, managers were preoccupied with the running of the day to day business with the sole responsibility of increasing profitability for the organizations. The responsibility of meeting the organizational goals such as the provision of safe place for employment, provision of quality products, adherence to the mission, vision and values of an organization and providing the expectations, wants and needs of customers squarely lies within the functions of managers (Puckett, Byers, & Green, 2004:37).
The current environment in which most organizations operate is dynamic and complex and it keeps on evolving. Managers are required to identify, assess and interpret trends so as to effectively anticipate and plan for future opportunities and improvements (Puckett, Byers, & Green, 2004:33). It is therefore imperative for managers to seek and develop new business and program possibilities for organizations and to discover novel approaches to effectively manage the ever-evolving organizational dynamics. In both the traditional and modern management, managers are involves in organizing and allocation of resources.
Managers are required to allocate resources based on sound decision-making and by doing this, they are expected to set priorities for organizational functions and how resources such as personnel, equipment, time, information and money are going to be used. Resource management refers to the authority and responsibility vested on managers to manage the resources allocated to organizations (Puckett, Byers, & Green, 2004:37). Managers are involved in the organization of resources so as to achieve the goals and objectives of an organization in optimum manner.
Resource Management requires managers to carry out human resource management, administrative functions and overseeing the overall running of organizations (Rondeau, 2011).
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