The practices of Indian religions including Hinduism and Jainism involve concepts of dharma, karma, reincarnation, mantras, vantras, caste, and darśana. Hinduism is an ancient, primaeval and one of the biggest religions practised in the subcontinent. The concept of karma comes under application in the fundamental customs, everyday principles, and the wedding ceremonies of the Hindus. Hinduism is a religion that comprises of abundant of different philosophies of dharma and the major texts and epics that are of immense importance with respect to their beliefs include “ Mahabharata, Ramayana, Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and Puranas” (Das, pp.
5-45). The distinguished aspects of this religion also include the conviction of Hindus in reincarnation that is associated with the law of karma and dharma that is one’ s own deeds. The concept of reincarnation is the thought and perception that with the recurring cycle of life and deaths or rebirth, the individual will come under restoration from its appalling deeds. In addition, karma is the performance, conduct, work, or deeds of an individual that he performs during the span of his life. According to the beliefs of Hindus, the atman that represents the soul or spirit of an individual comes under consideration as an eternal entity.
Mantras are another component of Hindu religion, where an individual in order to express the devotion to their gods, make prayers and beseech through a sound or hymn technique. Mantras also help the adherents to make them concentrate on the sacred thoughts. Pilgrimage is also an element in Hinduism as their traditions, though it is not obligatory. Hinduism is a religion of many festivals that celebrates to recall the events from their mythology.
Some of them are “ Holi, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, and Durga Puja” (Das, pp. 5-45). On the other hand, Jainism is also a prehistoric and primitive Indian religion, whose tradition and customs lay down on the alleyway of non-violence, non-aggression, and peaceableness towards the entire humanity.
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