This may include desires, hopes, memories, and urges lying outside of the awareness but controlling and influencing the human behavior. He related the human mind to iceberg by stating that the tip of the iceberg being visible shows the tiny portion of conscious mind while the huge portion hidden under the water represents the unconscious mind. Freudian theory further stated that human personality is divided into three major parts in the form of ID, ego, and super ego. The ID is assumed as the source of all the basic urges and mostly unconscious (Freud, 1953b). Ego revolves around dealing with the reality and helps in meeting the needs, urges, and demands of the IDs in a realistic and socially acceptable manner.
Finally, the super ego is an important part of the personality holding internal morals and principles being acquired by the family and parents. Freudian theory also stated that much of the human behavior is determined and driven by the life and death instincts. The life extinct revolves around basic needs like food, house, love, and sex. On the other hand, unconscious extinct is related to death revolving around self-destructive behavior (Freud, 1964). However, death instincts are largely tempered by some of the life instincts. Lacan stated that human identity and perception can be defined in three stages; development need (real need), demand (imaginary in nature), and desire (symbolic in nature) (Zizek, 1992).
He further stated that needs are met at the early stage and demands are experienced based on the idea of self-awareness (Evans, 1996). Finally, human beings understand their identity based on understanding their image and through the language. Freud divided his theory into five parts in the form of dynamic, economic, developmental, structural, and adaptive (Freud, 1964). A clear understanding of his theory has been discussed in an illustrative manner.
The first part is dynamic that deals with instincts. Based on instincts, actions are taken. These two instincts are Eros that is known as sexual instinct and the destructive instinct. Both the instincts work together and play an important role in human actions. One of the greatest examples in this regard can be of sexual act where increased libido can make a person murderer or rapist while lack of it can lead to impotency.
The second part is economic based on quantifying the power os instincts through the psychic energy. This is better defined as a way of investing energy in terms of
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples