The reason is one of the important ways of learning in the Theory of Knowledge (TOK). The reasoning is the technique used by most philosophers to arrive at the truth. Reason helps to analyze the situation deeply and take decisions. Reason is not automatic; it comes through experience. Once a king groomed a monkey to be his most trustworthy and natural companion (Ashliman, 2002). The monkey was asked to keep strict vigilance while the king slept one day. The monkey soon found a bee hovering over his master and unable to bear that someone should disturb his master, the monkey drew out his sword and struck down the bee in a single stroke.
The same blow split the king’ s head and any amount of explanation did not matter. The money was shunned by everyone but through this experience, people realized that it is better to have a clever enemy than a foolish friend. This also shows that the power of reasoning increases in times of trouble. Had the kind’ s head not been smashed, people would never think of anything wrong in having a monkey (or a foolish entity) as a friend.
Hence knowledge is acquired faster and better in times of trouble or sorrow. Secondly, such situations allow a person to reason out and make informed decisions. Language is another method of communication and learning. People use patterns of sounds or symbols for communication. This is called language and it is bound by the rules of grammar and it is bound by rules of grammar. To learn history language is necessary. Besides, there are many areas which we have not learned or gained experience but we have knowledge about the subject.
To this Huxley (n. d.) says, ‘ words form the thread on which we string our experiences’ .Thus to learn different things we need to use different ways. When we attain knowledge about something we get the right perception, an insight into the facts. Without the right perception it remains as a physical seeing. People analyze things or situations based on the perception that has formed in their mind due to past experience. It may help in certain cases but the right judgment and perception can come only when gains insight into any subject.
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