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Different Problems of Politics

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In fact, there are two main lines within the writing, which cause the shock, both as much contradictory in their essence as in relation to the author’ s convictions as declared. The first is represented by the acceptance, quite as a matter of course, and even open exoneration of violence when the oppressed, colonized ‘ natives’ are using it in order to liberate themselves from the shackles of the colonial power: ‘ it is not their violence, it is ours, on the rebound, that grows and tears them apart’ (pr. 10). Meanwhile, Fanon is straight and extremely logical; his message is clear and unidirectional – the old establishment represented by the colonists and the colonial institutions must be overthrown in order to make a place for the new one; thus to cure the colonized of colonial neurosis by driving the colonist out by force (Sartre pr. 13).

In other words and in regard to the question above, according to Sartre, ‘ he shows perfectly clearly that this irrepressible violence is neither a storm in a teacup nor the reemergence of savage instincts nor even a consequence of resentment; it is man reconstructing himself’ (pr. 13).

As for Sartre, here appears the second, even more shocking line in his writing – he doesn’ t simply agree with Fanon that the colonized are in their divine right to use violence against their oppressors – ‘ the fighter’ s weapon is his humanity’ – as well as notes the fact that the terror has already left the African continent, being brought into the streets of the mother country by its own raving fanatics, but declares a willingness to get subjected to the consequences of centuries-old injustice, along with the whole developed world and its institutions.

In this regard, Sartre is remarkably consistent and sends a message as that clear as Fanon’ s above; he is ready to accept, though figuratively, to get plunged into the ‘ native’ status, suffering the occupation of his country by the formerly colonized and starving to death. Then and only then, he believes, the colonialism along with the concomitant arrogance and senility, which possesses the nation, would inevitably meet its demise.

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