Although there are no international matches in recent years where corruption has been proved, but suspicions remain. Cricket – the International Cricket Council has an Anti-corruption and Security Unit ( ACSU). A report of 2009 tells how betting on the sport has increased in recent years and how this in itself leads to corruption. Breaking the eligibility rules. This is something that has long gone on in amateur sports where people play in teams they are not eligible for – perhaps they are too old, or too young. They may be required to live, or even have been born in a certain area or country.
Sometimes the rules are kept, but only by the most careful manipulation of them, as when a player changes nationality such as in the famous case of Zola Budd, whose application for British nationality was rushed through in record time in 1984, South Africa having been banned from the competition as mentioned in a report from Earthtimes, August 2010.. Players may find themselves trapped by contracts they can’t get out of as in the case of former Sheffield Eagles player Sam Barlow, now playing for Halifax.
The RFL says there is no reason why he can’t play, but Sheffield disagree. The poor player is caught in the middle. ( Collins September 2010) Also under this heading might be the use of certain equipment – perhaps a particular type of golf club or ball not acceptable to the ruling body, and believed to give a player an unfair advantage. The wrong awarding of contracts This covers such things as giving the construction contract for a new stadium to someone who is corrupt.
But corruption is a two way crime – he who gives and he who accepts are equally guilty. It also covers thing such as winning the bidding war for large events – whether this be a Cup Final or a world athletic gathering such as the Common wealth Games or the Olympic Games. Drugs in Sport This is a broad subject covering such things as drugging greyhounds and race horses to make them go faster or slower as required.
Also included would be athletes taking drugs to enhance their performance, or even being given them by coaches in order to ensure success, and, in cases of extreme naivety, perhaps them not realizing the substance was banned. This is another area where it isn’t always easy to prove corruption – some hormones for instance are produced naturally in the body, but athletes are banned from taking them. Or perhaps they are hidden under another name in a cold remedy or something similar.
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