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Describing Visual Arts from the Gestalt Perspective

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The senses are intelligent in two ways: by posing objects in relationships that reveal productive solutions to problems and by classifying objects according to principles. The relationship of elements that promote understanding derived from the cognition of this relationship reveals expression, which lies in the juxtaposition of unlike elements. The central concepts of Gestalt aren't only limited to the study of how these groups are formed, it also attempts to study the effects that such grouping processes have on human psychology and perception. Hence, the stronger the grouping is, the stronger is the Gestalt.

It is believed that the groupings of such data help in the unity of a design, which is conceptualized and rendered by an artist. One of the most powerful tools, therefore, is to identify the units, which have constituted to form visual arts. Moreover, just like the grouping concepts are used for understanding unity, the same concepts can be utilized for ungrouping items and make them look unique in their own right. So the concepts of Gestalt can also be utilized for creating variety in a visual image, just like the principles are applied to create unity in an image.

The perfect modulation of variety and unity can be achieved in visual arts such as body movements, painting, sand art, and installation art by the proper application of the concept of Gestalt. Eric Berne is regarded as the father of transactional analysis. The theories of Eric Berne have radically improved the last four decades, and presently transactional analysis extends to the fields of education, psychotherapy, counseling, and organizational development. Transactional analysis is often used with Gestalt counseling for understanding complex psychological patterns and learns more about the disparate humanistic approaches.

Some of the most important concepts of Gestalt systems are invariance, emergence, multi-stability, and Reification.  

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