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Describing Of The Body In American Popular Culture

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The outcome of these efforts to remasculinize America has caused the introduction of the on-screen appearance of the male body with bulging muscles and rock-hard physiques, as seen in Hollywood pictures. However, there is also a shift in contemporary media to emphasize the trim, well-defined and physically agile look. muscular (mesomorphic) rather than skinny (ectomorphic) or fat (endomorphic). Since it is believed that men closest to the ideal are able to acquire certain social and cultural benefits not available to those away from the ideal, “ most men feel bodily dissatisfaction in comparison to the ideal type” (Wienke, 1998, p.

Both men and women who closely resemble cultural standards of beauty have the benefit of advantages and opportunities not readily open to others. The evidence confirms a direct correlation between self-esteem and having a muscular body, with consequently higher levels of life satisfaction, as compared to men with less athletic frames. However, according to Wienke (1998), in the case of both men and women, aging and maturing as well as life opportunities in education, employment, and other aspects, significantly help to reconcile body related struggles. Sociocultural pressures with the inherent promotion of the thin form as the ideal and an objective view of oneself are contributory factors for body dissatisfaction.

At the same time, feminist perspectives that oppose objectification of the female body, help to cancel the effects of the sociocultural pressures to achieve and maintain a thin body. The research was conducted by Myers & Crowther (2007) using a sample of 195 undergraduate volunteers who were required to complete self-report evaluating sociocultural influences, feminist beliefs, thin-ideal convictions, The research evidence indicates that feminist beliefs reduce the impact of media awareness on thin-ideal socialized convictions, but they do not influence the effect of social influence on thin-ideal internalization. that is projected by the media, but the same critical thinking is not applied to family members’ or peers’ promotion of the thin-ideal.

Thus, sociocultural influences are the strongest reason for actively pursuing a thin body outcome by means of self-imposed, severe dietary restrictions (Myers & Crowther, 2007).

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