According to (Considine et al. 2007, pp. 725) Knowledge and experience have a crucial role in decision-making, especially in the paramedical work. Decision-making in a paramedical situation will be different between a novice and an experienced practitioner. A novice practitioner is an individual who is relatively new to the practice area, and his or her decisions are influenced more by knowledge acquired through the learning experience at school. On the other hand, an experienced practitioner is an individual with vast knowledge and skills in the practice area, and his or her decisions are greatly influenced by skills acquired through practice. The decision made by Joshua pertaining the diagnosis of Samuel is greatly influenced by his five years’ experience working as a volunteer firefighter and ambulance officer as well as working as a paramedic.
The working experience of Joshua gives provides a high chance of exposing him to paramedical cases where he had witnessed other patients probably with the same condition and managed in a similar manner using oxygen, nebulization, and positioning. In the case of Samuel, Tanya is more of a novice practitioner in comparison to Joshua.
The decisions made by Tanya to arrive at the diagnosis of the situation to be an asthma attack is influenced more by her educational experience other than the skills acquired through practice. Owing to the fact that Tanya has in the recent past been working with her team leader to develop materials for internship and being a member of a policy development committee, she is influenced more by literature sources more than the acquired skills (Nicolas 2004, pp. 29). The knowledge level determines the capability for application for clinical decision-making.
The more advanced, the learner is, the reasoning process becomes, it, therefore, implies that more advanced and skilled practitioners would employ an analytical method as an influence in decision making while the less experienced practitioners would employ the intuitive decision-making approach.
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