It is apparent that racism and discrimination were one of the major issues. Discriminating someone on the basis of skin color, nationality, social and cultural believes is just difficult to accept. The Sudanese had to face huge consequences due to this. They were deprived of education and employment owing to this. Children who joined schools were discriminated on the basis of their skin color. The people started to feel rejected in society and wanted to move to some other places where they will get respect and recognition. It was seen that this also affected their health since it created unnecessary stress that in turn generated social and psychological consequences (Due, 2008).
The Sudanese were habituated to move in groups, which were not acceptable to the Australian who named them as “ gang group” . Since they were new to Australia, often the elders in the family started fearing that the children may fall into the false group that may create problem in future (Atem 2009). The entire situation was creating a problem for the culturally and linguistically diverse group to live, to study and to work in Australia after leaving their homeland Sudan.
The cultural gap that exists between the culture of Sudan and Australia created culture shock among the students coming to Australia from Sudan. Culture Shock is defined as the physiological and psychological impact on a person who is undergoing the process of initial adjustment in an unfamiliar place and culture. In a multicultural situation like in which the Sudanese are the culture shock creates a situation of non-specific tension making the person be in a readiness state to adapt to anything which the new culture demands.
It also creates anxiety that results in the confusion of what to do, when and how to do (Craighead and Nemeroff, 2004). Oberg (1960) revealed six aspects of culture shock. Firstly culture shock creates strain due to the psychological adaptation to the new culture. Secondly, it develops a sense of deprivation and loss owing to the reason that the person moving to the unknown country would leave all their friends, possession, status and profession.
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