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Criticism on the Metamorphosis and analyze on Metamorphosis - Kafka

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The final ironic scene contains all the elements of “revival”: spring, family cohesion, the description of the strong young body of Grete. Such point of view makes us focus on the lack of spirituality among Gregor’s family. Vladimir Nabokov was inclined to blame the Samsas for their brutality. In his opinion, “Gregor is a human being in an insect’s disguise; his family are insects disguised as people” (Nabokov’s Lecture on “The Metamorphosis”). Nabokov sees the major conflict arousing just around Gregor’s condition. The Samsas are mere philistines, living only with their material values.

Gregor is different in some way. Nabokov even suggests that Gregor’s isolation and strangeness reminds of that “which constantly characterizes the artist, the genius, the discoverer”. So when Grete finally rebels against Gregor’s further existence, it is only the final result of his life-long isolation from the family. They needed him until he could support them, “they took the money with gratitude and he was glad to provide it, although there was no longer much warm affection given in return”. However, Gregor was always estranged from the family.

Not accidentally, the doors in his room are locked. Constantly being on journey, he knew of his family’s life only from Grete’s letters. He was absolutely unaware that his self-sacrifice wasn’t necessary. Only now has he learnt that his father saved some money from his business, and that the sum was enlarged by the dividends. Moreover, the family has spared money from that brought by Gregor. If Gregor had known it earlier, he could have paid out his father’s debt and got free from the hateful work. Yet, even now Gregor doesn’t allow himself to feel angry.

He accepts the news as good one. Grete’s role in the story symbolizes the highest degree of betrayal and emphasizes Gregor’s isolation from life. For many years he has believed that Grete is his closest friend. He dreamt to send her to Music School. Having become an insect, Gregor still doesn’t understand his sister’s real attitude to him. As she “courageously” takes on the “heroic” role of his carer, Gregor feels gratitude and affection to her. He does his best to ease her task.

Each time as Grete turns the key in the lock, he hurries to hide under the sofa not to embarrass her with his appearance. Later he uses the linen to cover himself wholly from others’ sight. However, Grete’s motives are different. As Mrs. Samsa “dares” to clean Gregor’s room, Grete makes a hysterical scene with loud sobbing and banging on the table.

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