The application of nursing models such as Neuman Model or Roy Adaptation Model and nursing theories has culminated into Nursing Diagnosis Movement. Specialization and diversity in roles that include General Nursing, Paediatric Nursing, and Anaesthetic Nursing were necessitated in this juncture. Also, personal attributes such as knowledge, interpersonal skills, leadership qualities, previous experiences and communication abilities need to be taken into consideration. Defining the professional role of an Anaesthetic Nurse is very challenging and it is based on their contribution to the care and quality of care apart from theory, practice, and professionalism.
The role of an anesthetic nurse is very important right from the pre-assessment stage involving clinical tests, applying local anesthetic cream on the skin before using the needle and taking the patient to the anesthetic room or preparing the patients for emergency ward. The nurses also oversee patient-control analgesia. Nurses are an important part of the pain relief team in post-operation phase and watch for side effects of the drugs used for taking remedial measures. They are also concerned with the stability of the patient post-operation.
The anesthetic drugs are used after carefully assessing the risks and side effects in relation to safety in all the cases. However, the probability factor relating to the risks associated with anesthesia varies from person to person and in some cases, side effects cannot be avoided and complications developed due to allergy, breathing difficulties or headache. The nursing professionals have to ensure that the anesthetic machines have undergone check-ups before using them to avoid problems that could be encountered during surgeries. For example, blockage in the anesthetic circuit has been reported in some cases, which could have been avoided in check-ups.
Anesthetist’ s presence for resuscitation of a person in recovery should always be taken into consideration. The dual responsibility on the part of the anesthetists has to be overcome by properly synchronizing with the anesthetic nursing professionals.
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