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Critically discuss the role of health promotion in addressing current global patterns of health

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Non-communicable diseases cannot be conveyed from one individual to another. They are infections that are not transmittable. Non-communicable illnesses cause more mortalities than communicable ailments globally (Noah 2006). They are mostly not related to each other and are caused by factors ranging from lifestyles, environment and personal behaviour. Samples of non-communicable maladies include diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis, heart diseases, and lung cancer among others. 1.2 Trends Of World Fatal Diseases Over Time And How They Differ According To Income. Over 75% of deaths caused by Coronary heart disease occur in third world and developing nations.

Generally, the global cases of this disease have increased over the years (World Health Organisation 2014). The average cases of stroke have been on the increase globally despite the reduction in the number of incidences in the developed nations. This is because of the increasing incidences in the developing countries and an increasing number of the elderly in the developed world (World Health Organisation 2014). There has been a global amplification in the new instances of lung cancer worldwide. Developed countries have recorded the maximum rates of lung cancer globally.

However, 61% of cases occurred in countries that are less developed(World Health Organisation 2014). The total global population of individuals living with HIV/AIDS has increased from 8 million in the 1990 to over 34 million by the beginning of 2012. However, due to several efforts and use of therapy, new infections and deaths have declined over the past few years. Low income countries are the highest hit with this pandemic with over 69% of people living with HIV coming from Sub-Saharan Africa(World Health Organisation 2014). Since the year 2000, the yearly number of deaths caused by this disease has reduced by 50%.

Most deaths from Diarrheal Diseases are recorded in south Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa making low income countries the hardest hit(World Health Organisation 2014). Diabetes Mellitus has recorded one of the highest increase rates in the world with a higher increase recorded in the developing countries. More than 80% of diabetes related mortalities happen in developing and low income countries. However, China and America record the highest cases of diabetes alongside India (World Health Organisation 2014). Preterm birth complications have been escalating worldwide over the years.

However, more deaths are recorded in low income countries due to poor healthcare.

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preview essay on Critically discuss the role of health promotion in addressing current global patterns of health
  • Pages: 9 (2250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Nursing
  • Level: Undergraduate
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