The chamber in the machine gets rid of grounded organic and inorganic particles from the wastewater source. After this, the tertiary process ensures that left-over substances in the secondary phase is totally swept off, either by filtration or through a specific membrane barrier (Environmental Protection Authority 2005, 9). The final stage of the treatment is optional, depending on the eventual use of the treated wastewater--either for human ingestion or use in various agricultural activities. There is an extensive disinfection guideline involved, such as the application of chemical materials and ozonation (UV) processes (Barcelo and Petrovic 2008, 3).
The organized system of activity necessitates a treatment plant near the dam site. Such accessibility ensures speedy recharging of treated wastewater in the dam--increasing water supply in a shorter notice. Application of HIA Process in the Project Proposal The project proposal is developed as a tribute to the growing demand for alternative water sources. Evidently, the project requires the application of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in calculating its capability in protecting the public health aspect. Pursuant with this, several principles seem to make up the fundamental structure, including “screening, scoping, monitoring and evaluation” (“Module 4: The Value of Integrating Health” n. d.).
By incorporating these sets of factors in the discussion, much of the project proposal can be explained in terms of society’s health and well being. Screening. With the process of the proposal briefly summarized, there is a general consensus on the exercise of HIA-- it is deemed appropriate to extract facts behind the whole operation of the proposal. As the end-product, treated wastewater can generate doubts from both health critics and local citizens, since the origin of the water supply is questionable.
Therefore, there is a need to review the recharged dam’s wastewater treatment process for possible technical loopholes--strict scientific failures can result in several public health hazards and possible degradation of the environment. Scoping. As the project proposal takes shape, several environmental concerns have also risen. The determination of the project’s scope is highly esteemed for it specifically pinpoints issues that need to be discussed in full scale (“Module 5: The HIA Process” n. d.). By this, every avenue of the project must be examined for possible nuances.
Both external and internal dimensions of the project must be taken into account--the people involved, impact to communities, effects to consumers, and who will be responsible for negative outcomes.
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