Black (1980) claims that, medical model of health inclines to consider health in provision of freedom from a clinically discoverable disease. Critics says that it has no immediate benefit as it does not focuses on prevention of disease and only focuses on treatment and management of healthy. Social Model Social model of health denies the impartiality and scientific pretensions of the medical model and considers dependence upon the scientific method as only one way to determine health. Social model of health admits that illness and health are developed socially and that the health we experience is related to how societies are organized.
Gillespie and Gerhardt (1995) were on the view that, health has a cultural, social and historical context and cannot be understood until we appreciate this. The weakness social model is that it does not treat illness once it has developed. Pathogenic Health’s Concept This theoretical concept for the American health experts was developed by Williamson and Pearse. Pathogenesis is the process for analysing causes and possible sources of disease. Pathogenesis begins with the examination of sickness and disease, subsequently it works with understanding the nature of disease and to determine the way someone can manage, avoid, and eliminate that frailty or disease.
Pathogenesis in a balancing fashion focused on detecting the causes and antecedents of disease and identification of the disease risk factors. Pathogenesis might be regarded optimistic because it presumes that humans to be healthy, but not for preventable problems or difficulties. Approval of the pathogenic model of health by most traditional health professionals has dictated that disease preclusion, cure, and management are the ways to better health (Deep, 1999). Salutogenic Health In contrast to pathogenesis, salutogenesis is the examination of health causes and origins, initiates by considering health and looks future at the ways utilised to develop and excel mental, physical and social well-being.
Salutogenic model suggests that the goal of research in health should be to identify, determine, and illustrate factors, pathways and the possible causes of positive health to enhance our knowledge regarding the ways to deal, handle as well as to prevent pathogenesis (negative health). Salutogenesis is a framework focused on finding the causes and predecessors of health and describing health or salutary factors.
The presumption of salutogenesis are, that action requires to occur to move someone toward better health, motivates experts to be proactive as their focus is on developing a new advanced state of health than is presently being experienced (Becker, Glascoff & Felts, 2010).
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