With regard to the power-reassurance rapists, the violence employed is limited to what is necessary to render the victim compliant or to bring about the completion of the sexual act. Such rapists might even believe that the victim was sexually interested in them. These rapists could believe that the use of force will cause the victim to develop a gradual liking for the rapist (Simons, 2014). On the other hand, the antisocial or power-assertive rapist tends to be impulsive, employs aggressive methods of control, and indulges in intoxicating substances. Such rapists make impromptu assaults on women.
Moreover, the aggressive-aim or anger-retaliation rapist is moved by aggression and power. In addition to sexual assault, such as rapists humiliate or denigrate their victim (Simons, 2014). The sadistic class of rapists re-enact sexual fantasises involving pain or torture. Such crime is the outcome of detailed planning and frequently ends with the death of the victim. Such sexual sadism is infrequent and is witnessed in a mere 5% of therapists, and it constitutes a strong predictor of sexual and violent recidivism.
However, it is to be noted that the traditional rapist typologies have little clinical utility, as they do not take into consideration the irrational cognitions exhibited by the majority of the rapists. Female sexual offenders, chiefly engage in sexual assault in the company of other offenders. Most of these offenders observe the abuse, procure victims for the other members in the group to assault sexually, or expose children to sexual interaction or pornography. As such, women sexual offenders mainly prefer a passive function (Simons, 2014). The Massachusetts Treatment Center Taxonomic Program was the first programme that conducted an empirical examination of the motivational typologies of rapists.
These typologies had been initially founded on clinical observations. Subsequently, these were derived from exhaustive empirical observations and statistical analysis. In addition, the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) undertook a modification of the classifications employed in criminal investigations. Its model endeavoured to describe the types of conduct that indicated such motivations, with a view to classifying offenders on the basis of their actions at the scene of the crime.
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