In most of the countries women do not enjoy basic human rights (Cook, 1994, Pp. 429); , including the right to vote (World Bank, 2004, Pp. 136), the right to education (Kramarae, Spender, 2000, Pp. 796), the right to employment (Ahoojapatel, 2007, Pp. 34), etc among others. Women in most of the countries are kept behind veils and do not have any voice regarding matters concerning them (Pollack, 2009, Pp. 33). Such a total lack of education or an opportunity for equal participation in the society, leads to ignorance and lack of awareness regarding their own safety needs and rights, thus making them vulnerable to such a trade, where they are exploited and reduced to a state of helpless slaves.
Also, since poverty is known to disproportionately affect women and children, ( International Labour Office, 2003; Methvin, 1997; Goldman, Hatch, 2000), this social group is forced to migrate in search of employment and security for themselves as well as their poor families. Although the factors affecting migrant workers are uniform for both men as well as women, the experience differs widely for both the genders.
In the case of women, migration for work is often translated into sexual slavery, exploitation, debt, bondage, and prostitution with little or no legal assistance, at the local, national or international level to protect their rights. Q2: Why is the right to development of particular importance to this group? The development and empowerment of women can play a significant role in curbing the illegal trafficking of women and young girls, to a great extent. Since the key reasons behind the trafficking trade include migration for employment, and poverty, the empowerment of women can help them find suitable jobs in their own countries and / or local regions, thus eliminating the need to migrate for work.
Secondly, education can also help in women’ s development, since it will lead to greater awareness and knowledge about their own rights, greater access to legal and financial aid and better security. Such efforts will lead to their empowerment thus reducing their vulnerabilities to a large extent and hence help to curb the illegal trafficking trade. Q3: How are women's rights affected in the process of trafficking, case study
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