John Money, a psychologist whose interest was in the nature of gender, was viewed on a talk show saying that the gender of a child was subject to nurture and could be changed with appropriate surgical and hormonal intervention. After much heartache, the Reimer’ s decided to choose this path for their child, believing that the procedure of changing the gender of a child had been done previously and not understanding the experimental nature of what was proposed. The child was renamed Brenda and every attempt was made to encourage female behaviors in her development.
Brenda’ s case managed to prove the opposite of what Money proposed. Despite efforts to push her toward feminine aspects of life, her true nature drew her toward male behaviors. As an adult, Brenda has chosen to live as a man, have reconstructive surgery and have a wife and children (for whom he acts as the father, but for medical reasons to whom was not capable of genetically contributing) (Sex). The Religious Point of ViewIn establishing the biological influences over gender, the problem becomes deciding what this actually proves in regard to homosexuality.
The biological influence on gender suggests that behavior is influenced by more than experience. However, it may also suggest that a boy is a boy and a girl is a girl, and God biologically designed them to behave appropriately as heterosexual beings. Capps and Carlin review an article by Pattison and Pattison (1980) that suggests that sublimation of homosexuality can be accomplished by religious faith and influence. The original paper suggests that 11 men were fundamentally changed in reference to their sexual orientation through religious influences and experiences (125). There is debate even among theologians as to the nature of homosexuality.
Pattison and Pattison, theological psychologists who write on the topic of homosexuality, according to Donald Capps of the Princeton Theological Seminary and Nathan Carlin of the Department of Religious Studies at Rice University, claim that homosexuality is a result of psychological immaturity.
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