Maslow came up with a pyramid made up of five levels of needs to be met hierarchically. According to Abraham Maslow (1943), the people’ s needs fall into five categories. These needs are met consecutively, with one need being satisfied after the other. The physiological needs are the first to be satisfied followed by safety needs, love/belonging needs, esteem needs, and finally, self-actualization needs. According to Maslow, what people need is a positive self-regard in order to achieve in their engagements. This means that the ability to learn is intrinsic hence the leader or the teacher acts as a facilitator in the learning process.
When translated to the working environment, the needs of the people should be satisfied in a manner that they feel that their leader has regarded of them. He observes that learners ought to have listening skills since they are the ones that choose what they endeavor to acquire through learning (Wilson & Madsen, 2008). Through this approach, Maslow notes that emotions and feelings are very important aspects of communicating, learning, and understanding. The social learning theory has been advanced to explain the social behaviors of humans.
The works of Dollard and Miller spearheaded the understanding of social behavior in learning; they established that behaviors were learned through observations. In particular, cues, responses, rewards, and drives were identified as factors that contributed to the whole aspect of learning a new behavior. They observed that people tend to learn from the behavior of others either consciously or unconsciously. To complement this study, Albert Bandura conducted a number of studies especially among children in order to understand the psychology behind the observation. His conclusions led to the development of the social cognitive theory.
Through the findings, he established that modeling was an important aspect in the acquisition of morally desirable behavior. Through further research, Bandura (1977) established that not only were social behaviors acquired but also they have a cognitive perspective.
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