Aristotle indicated that an important factor towards the realization of happiness is a good moral character an individual possesses. An individual must work hard to possess all virtues required towards realizing happiness. He records that a person who is happy lives in agreement with the complete virtue and possesses enough external goods throughout his or her life (Bok, 2010). On the case of Aquinas, he states that imperfect happiness can be maintained on earth. Therefore, he got influenced by the theory of happiness from Aristotle. Aristotle argued that happiness is dependent upon the actualization of an individual’ s natural faculties (Thomas & Regan, 2003).
Among the major faculties in the life of a human being is the reason and it can get understood that happiness can get achieved in life in proportion and move to the level of access to reason. Aquinas stated that the ultimate happiness in human beings is comprised of contemplated truth. It is an operation in man and no other animal shares the operation (Theron, 2008). Contemplated truth cannot get directed to another end due to the fact that contemplation of truth is required for a person’ s sake.
He also stated that "in the operation, higher beings are united to man. " The human operation is carried out by God as well as other separate substances. It can be seen that both Aristotle and Aquinas have a similar understanding that all things have natures. It is the natures that determine the good of a person as well as the bad for them. They also agree on the fact that evil is contrary to nature in humans (Thomas & Regan, 2003). In accordance with Aristotle, happiness is comprised of achieving all the good things in the course of the life of a person.
It may be health, friends, knowledge or wealth and results to the perfection of human nature. It also causes enrichment in the life of an individual. Due to that fact, there is a necessity to make choices, and some of the choices may be difficult, the lesser goods have immediate pleasure and are more enticing (Bok, 2010). On the other hand, greater goods are painful and need many sacrifices.
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