The main purpose of Erasmus’ s book “ The Education of a Christian Prince” was to emphasis on the importance of moral principles and been virtuous. It was to be used as a directive and a manual of instruction to the future kings of Sweden. He emphasized that the ruler must be devoted to the administration of justice and doing what is right at all times. He was against loss of human life and violence that was as a result of differences between Catholics and the Protestants during the Religious Reformation era. Machiavelli uses Classical Rhetoric styles in his writing which creates a big gap from traditional rhetoric styles.
For example, In his introduction which stated that “ I have not embellished or crammed this book with rounded periods or big, impressive words, or with any blandishment or superfluous decoration of the kind which many are in the habit of using to describe or adorn what they have produced” . He also sourced his information from Cicero’ s rhetoric works. In Chapter 18, for instance, His use of a metaphor of a lion and a fox as examples of cunning and force.
It offers a model of an ethical system that not only condones the practice of force and deception but appears to regard them as habitual and indeed germane to political activity. Machiavelli was greatly influenced by the classical pre-Christian philosophers. He often referred to Xenophon who was a writer of the classic mirrors of princes, The Education of Cyrus. The experience at work in The Free Republic of Florence, which has created a firm base where his arguments are founded. He recapitulates his transactions with the soldiers and statements during his reign.
This supplied sources of characters and the diverse experiences illustrated in The Prince. The missions he went in the line of duty helped in putting across some of the principles in his book. A good example is his very first mission in 1499 to Catherine Sforza, “ my lady of Forli” of “ The Prince, ” from whose conduct and fate he drew the moral that it is far better to earn the confidence of the people than to rely on the fortress.
He urges this principle in various ways an important matter to princes.
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