Bearing in mind the fact that the discipline of psychology was inexistent or indiscreet until 1879, organizational psychology seems to be a very young field. Locating the exact origin could appear to be within a very short time, yet the huge implication of wide and unspecific scope would seem to be overwhelming to the time duration of its existence. Major controversies have arisen as to when the specific field of organizational psychology began, but earliest indications reveal it was at the beginning of the twentieth century. The possible time of birth of this sub-branch field of psychology is said to be between 1903 and 1910 (Aarmodt, ).
The author reports that Dill Scott first presented a business paper in 1903 that made application of psychology principles to resolve advertising challenges. Later in 1910, Hugo Munsterberg is said to have made a similar research presentation but on a different topic. Dill Scot was at it again in 1911 when he published a book titled increasing Human Efficiency in Business. Furthers to the uncertainties mentioned above touching on the field of industrial psychology, the initial name allocated to denote the field was also problematic.
Before World War I (WWI), uncertainty surrounding the appropriate usage of names to define the field. While some preferred to use Economic Psychology, others dubbed it Business Psychology or Employment Psychology. Interestingly, among the areas of involvement that the field made its initial contribution to was in the military during WWI. Recruiting process was well elaborated in the armies and later became applied in a business like the one Thomas Edison used in 1920. At around 1915, vital contributions were made by the couple Frank and Lillian Gilbreth by reducing productivity impediment brought about by employee movement stress.
Their extensive experience in managing both at the business arena and family level facilitated the formulation of their insights concerning employee stress and reduced productivity. Characterization of the field of organizational psychology in 1900 marked the most defining moment for the entire branch of psychology.
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