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Psycho-Social and Biological Approaches to Understanding Mental Anxiety Disorders in Adults

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The disorder is an excessive fear of social situations, such as eating or speaking in public. According to the authors, this kind of disorder affects 2 to 13 per cent of the American population. It is also pointed out that about one-fifth of patients who are diagnosed for social anxiety disorder also suffer from an alcohol use disorder. Specific Phobias. Medical Dictionaries would define a phobia as a sort of fear beyond reason that can cause anxiety, avoidance, and panic. There are specific fears or phobia. Some symptoms indicative of phobia can be the extreme feeling of horror, dread, fear.

A person who has a phobia may be also known when fear is so grave and suffers from shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, and displays extreme discomfort and may tremble or shake and very much desirous to escape from the situation. There are several types of specific phobia: (1) animal type - fear of animals; (2) natural environment type - fear of heights, storms, or water; (3) blood-injection-injury type; (4) situational type such as fear of situation such driving; flying; enclosed places; and (5) other type such as fear of choking after eating (Antony, Craske, & Barlow, 1995). Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

The American Medical Association (2004) defines this  disorder as the anxiety disorder that occurs during adolescence or early adulthood although there are cases where it may begin in childhood. It is described to be characterized by the presence of an obsession and compulsion that results in distress. The National Institute of Mental Health (2008) defines the illness as an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened such events as violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, or military combat.   Psycho-social approaches are effective strategies that assume mental anxiety to have resulted from mental, behavioral, and social factors that include conflict, trauma, personal experiences, and environmental conditions.    

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