For example, R L’s case is a problem on his body where he is unable to swallow food properly. Decision-making is very crucial in such a situation because R. L was suffering and when he goes to the hospital he refuses to share his problem with the physician. In such cases, the doctor is unable to make judgment concerning the best approach for R. L’s condition. In some cases, decision-making becomes a dilemma. For example, during operations of transplant of kidney from one person to another where both people are operated, the physician is forced to save one person meaning that he or she has to make a critical decision.
In fact, judgment in clinical field is very crucial and it requires professionalism and experience as observed in R. L’s situation. According to Dowie, judgment in clinical context is defined as the evaluation of the alternative, the choosing between alternatives, and suggests that judgments are normally in certain way an evaluation of the future (Dowie 1993). R. L’s future was determined by the speech pathologist who made a very crucial decision of assessing him and finding out what his problem was and moving further to treat him.
In suggesting this, Dowie debates that if a decision is to be regarded sensible then certainly some knowledge of what the prospect might seem like after the decision is made, is needed. This clearly means that the nurses and physicians must be aware of what might be the consequence of the decision or judgment they make. For example, the speech pathologist was very professional when she decided to take some tests on R.
L and noticed he had difficulty with swallowing Food and he also had traces of pneumonia (Davis-Floyd and Arvidson 2007). It is actually sad to just watch a patient die who actually would have recovered if treated and taken good care. Dowie adds that people foresee the future when making decisions all the time; nevertheless, choices would be made with no thought as to the probable outcomes of the decision (Dowie 1993). For example, the speech pathologist fore sore the future of R. L and made a decision as acting as professional physician by testing him and treating him accordingly.
This clearly implies that people should not make decisions before assessing the situation and having a clear picture of the outcome. Rushing to decisions without assessing the case is in most cases, with harsh consequences. When making choices, people draw on a range of sources of information: experience, the initial principles of amassed knowledge or facts, the know-how of other, and infrequently the experiences of tens, hundreds, even thousands, of others in form study proof (Chapman and Sonnenberg 2000).
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