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Context, Techniques and Popularity of Group Work

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The second behavior is group behavior, which is oriented to helping the group to survive and prosper. Group behavior includes establishing trust and mutual support, encouraging appropriate contributions from all members, resolving differences between members as well as setting and enforcing standards of behavior. Lastly is the Individual behavior, which is oriented to the needs and interest of the individual, and may interfere with the group process. This behavior includes blocking, dominating other members, displaying verbal or physical aggression, withdrawing from the group, seeking help or knowledge, forming pairs of cliques as well as grumbling or badmouthing members outside the group.

Observation studies of naturally occurring groups with high levels of interaction between members have demonstrated that these groups typically contain two or three individuals, and rarely involve more than five or six. One reason that has been provided is that people get confused by groups that are larger than six members since the number of possible relationships rises sharply as each new member joins. The number of people that any one person can observe, communicate actively with and be involved with being about seven to eight (Fujishin, 2009 P.

78). It is no accident that this is the normal maximum number of people usually invited to share a communal meal with the aim of maintaining one conversation at any given time. It is impossible to manage large groups for any significant period, and members tend to think that their personal control over the group process diminishes rapidly above the minimum of five to six people. Broadly, social communities are either individualists or collectivists, and the broader cultural organization in which the group operates can influence the behavior that goes on within the group.

People in the individual’ s cultures tend to see themselves as autonomous decision makers. Those in collective cultures are more likely to seek the views of others, and to see themselves as interdependent; their decision-making process will be more consultative.  

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