China’ s massive population has found many new opportunities to increase their standard of living by working for foreign enterprises and opening their own industries. However, this has also produced a negative impact on the population. Most village industries are major generators of pollution. An increase in the living standards of China’ s population has fueled a demand for quality food, water, electricity, vehicles, electrical appliances, and air conditioners. This adversely affects the environment. More demand for consumer products fuels the increasing demand for new factories producing those goods. This, in turn, leads to more pollution.
The use of fertilizers in agriculture further adds to environment degradation (Morton, 2005). China has witnessed tremendous growth in industry, agriculture and energy sectors. A huge creation of rural factories has also led to environmental degradation of lakes, forests, ecosystems, ponds, forests, jungles and coastal areas. The government has focused on economic development at the expense of the environment (Morton, 32). China’ s government has opened up its markets and given autonomy at the provincial and district levels to promote economic growth. Therefore the result has been zeal in striving for economic development.
This has led to adverse conditions for the environment. Rural populations have been displaced to make way for economic development projects. The number of hectares of cultivable land has been reduced. Industries have proliferated in the villages. These industries have been dumping waste products into the environment. Air pollution has caused extensive illnesses among China’ s population. China cannot prevent environmental degradation by emphasizing economic development. Advances in science and technology could benefit China in pursuing sustainable development policies. But so far it has refused to sign international treaties and agreements that strive to reduce green gas emissions, pollution and pursue sustainable economic development.
Chinese government officials have countered that removing poverty and pursuing economic development are more important concerns for the government. China continues to focus on heavy industries which are the major sources of pollution and environment destruction.
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