The policies developed fail to address the problems that they should address because of the failure of practitioners to conduct researches and find the actual reasons why the youth engage or take decisions to engage in risky behavior. instead, the policies formulated are meant to address the problems of the youth as imprudent, irrational and vulnerable individuals. Thus, the information provided fails to act wisely on risk information because of acting on assumptions rather than adequate research initiatives. Kemshall (2008) states that the problematization of the youth has brought about criminal justice and social policy responses that promote regulation and control of the youth (Kemshall, 2008:22).
As such, social ills in the society are perceived as problems that are caused by the youth. Despite the fact that risk has been considered as something directly linked to the youth and crime, it has become an important issue in response to crime especially in youth crime. The problem that has come about with this is that it has interfered with the formulation of social policy and crime policy because social problems are conceived as crime problems.
The problem with this is that crime control strategies have been redirected to deal with intractable social ills instead of criminal activities especially among the youth. The youth justice system in England and Wales has been developed to include organs and processes that are used to prosecute, convict and punish the youth found to have committed criminal activities. The main objective of the youth justice system is to ensure that children and young persons (persons under the age of 18) do not offend. However, the conception of the youth as a risk group has severely affected the effectiveness of the youth justice system in England.
Instead of focusing on particular individuals in the youth group or among the young people who commit crime, the consideration of the youth as a risk group has led to institutionalized intolerance of the youth and a further over-regulation of the youth, which interferes with their freedoms and rights.
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