Kellogg, Nancy, and Shirley Menard. 2003. "Violence among family members of children and adolescents evaluated for sexual abuse. " Child Abuse & Neglect, 27: 1367-1376. Research question: The study sought to find the relationship and prevalence of violence in the homes of children and teenagers who reported sexual abuse. It also aimed to determine the response of parents and other caregivers to sexual abuse reports. Theory: No theory prompted the study; however, the prevalence of violence reports among those reporting sexual abuse was a reason for the study. Sample: A group consisting of 167 participants aged nine to nineteen from a sexual abuse clinic was interviewed in the research.
The participants were questioned about any violent incidents instigated by either of the parents that would occur at home. A chart review of males and females presented to a sexual abuse clinic for children was conducted over a nine-month period. The findings were also included in this study. Interview questions were used to collect information from the focus group; most of the questions had multiple choices where the children could choose appropriate answers.
Study design: The study took a short period, and adopted a cross-sectional research design. Participants selected had a sexual abuse history and were recruited from one clinic that dealt with sexually assaulted children. They also had to meet the age requirement; nine to 19 years of age. 58 of the participants were Hispanic, 32 percent were whites, and the remaining 10 percent were African American. Variables: The history of violence among the participants acted as the independent variable while the responses given were the dependent variables in the research. Summary: The study established that most of the children who were sexually abused had various incidents of physical violence at home.
The violence was directed to the child or the spouse of the perpetrator; protection from such acts of violence is proposed to protect the children from further abuse.
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