Peoples' Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) was formed in 1965 which was basically the Afghan Communist Party. In 1969 elections the Communist was elected in the government. The PDPA representatives immediately took control of all the major authoritative positions and paved the way for the Soviet invasion and the military coup of April 1978. They tried to abolish all traditional and Islamic religious customs practices and policies and tried to form a secular state. This attempt became the root cause of all the internal conflict and the rise of the Taliban. Afghanistan came into the international limelight with the Soviet invasion, a guerrilla war fought by Afghans against the Soviet Union and the communist government.
Recent history has seen huge political upheaval in Afghanistan. Civil war broke out after the fall of the Marxist government. It has also witnessed the rise and fall of the fundamentalist regime of the Taliban with its various human rights abuses. Taliban regime also left Afghanistan with Osama Bin Laden and al-Qaida terrorists. This Al-Qaida element again brought the country into international limelight for its coalition with the USA, British and many other troops to launch a fight against terrorism and anti-Taliban forces in 2001.
(Clement)One can understand the gory of war by studying the statistics of the catastrophe. The only soviet invasion has been very lethal for Afghanistan let alone the aftereffects of this war, and the ongoing war against terrorism in Afghanistan after the notorious 9/11 incident in 2001. In Soviet invasion out of the total population of 16.4 million in Afghanistan, more than 5 million were killed while 3 million people suffered from severe injuries resulting mainly in some sort of disability.
(Senker, 2008)Half of the disabled population suffered from a sensory disability such as deafness, blindness, and mental retardation others were wounded and maimed. About 3.5 million managed to escape and became a refugee in Pakistan.
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