Electric cars are considered as one of the hottest topics now a day as they are environmentally friendly due to the fact that the electric powered cars do not contribute to the pollution as traditionally powered gasoline cars secondly they are traditionally powered through fuel cells which are again one of the hottest topics in the news. A traditional electric car is powered by an electric motor rather than a gasoline engine which is used in the traditional cars. It is also important to mention that the traditional gasoline-powered cars can easily be converted into the electric cars and it becomes sometimes difficult to spot which car is electric power driven and which is a traditional gasoline-powered car however traditionally, gasoline engine is replaced by an electric powered motor which gets power from a controller which in returns get charged through an array of rechargeable batteries therefore unlike traditional gasoline-powered cars, the electric cars looks like a mess of wirings circled around various equipment.
The traditional modification involved in converting a gasoline car into an electric powered car involves the removal of a gasoline tank, muffler and catalytic converter.
Then the clutch assembly of the car is removed and was replaced with a new electric-powered AC electric motor is mounted to the transmission with an adopted plate with an electric controller being added to the newly mounted electric motor. The common structure of the electric car, therefore, includes electric motor, electric controller and the batteries. The controller within the car takes the power from the batteries and transmits it to the motor which in turn propels the engine. Normally the electric controller takes 300 volts DC power from the batteries however it can vary also.
The transmission of power from the controller to the motor takes place through a large number of transistors which are built in the controller. These transistors convert the power in Sine waves rapidly and transmit them to the motor. The DC motor requires the power of approximately from 96 to 192 volts whereas an AC motor can run on 240 volts AC with 300 volts battery.
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