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Carol Gilligan: Psychological Theory and Womens Development

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Focusing on Kohlberg views on feminism, Kohlberg’ theory shows that average female achieves moral judgments rating while males score law and order (Gilligan and Richards 90-104). With such assumption from the Kohlberg’ s theory, Gilligan proposes that the findings from the theory demonstrate gender bias, and females are noted less matured compared to boys. Women and men follow diverse voices due to the fact that men organize social relationships through the hierarchical order and they also pledge to morals of rights (Gilligan 20-30). On the other hand, Gilligan suggests that women value most their interpersonal sensitivity, connectedness, care, as well as people’ s responsibility.

Gilligan (112-114) also provides different developmental stages for females and she does not claim that only a single system is better for moral development among women. Instead, the systems are equally valid and by integration of complementary male justice and female care. Gilligan proposes that orientations through gender equality are essential for realizing full human potential during moral development. Gilligan’ s book has landmark pieces for two good reasons. The book casts the doubt concerning the generalizability of morality. Gilligan arguments are unknowingly rejecting the experiences and voices concerning humanity.

Difference feminism as Gilligan’ s perspective outlines different qualities of women and men and she asserts that there is no value judgment which can be placed on such qualities (Gilligan 417). Gilligan highlights all her findings concerning female and moral development as well as decision making, whereby she draws on different studies from children and university students. Focusing on the studies conducted by Kohlberg, females are seen to be lacking in ethical decision-making and reasoning when they are compared with males of similar ages.

From such views, Gilligan realizes a problem and argues that Kohlberg’ s early research in the development of moral stage theory based his studies on the only white male as the subjects of the study (Gilligan 413-415).  

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