Barrows (2000) reflected that this has particular significance to Canada, which has experienced many negative shocks due to the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement and the North American Free Trade Agreement. According to James Gillies (2000), Canada’s economic prosperity is largely dependent on international trade, hence, its economic strategy has since been geared toward gaining access for Canada’s products into as many world markets as possible. As a result, Canada became a member of several multinational and bilateral agreements such as the WTO and NAFTA. The disadvantage of these trade agreements to agriculture is that the country is forced to surrender considerable sovereignty over agricultural policies including the right to subsidy, incentives and protectionist measures such those regarding tariffs.
(Gillies, 2000, p. 190) The country cannot do anything with regards to these aspects for it must honor its commitments to world trade otherwise it will invite trade disputes and punitive sanctions from the organizations it is participating in. Albeit not on a grand scale, the issue of Canadian diversity, affect the public policy towards agriculture. Diane Jurkowski (2003) refers to this diversity as intense regionalism where differences in ethnic cleavages and economic status result in the alienation of Canadians among each other and the defragmentation within the country.
This regional dynamics, according to her, has an impact on business and government. Foremost is the fact that 60% of the electorate reside in two provinces and thus, have the power to install a government. Hence, regions are not proportionately represented in the government to craft policies, which are truly reflective of a national scope. This adversarial federalism features a remarkable amount of no-win games between the provinces and Canada’s center.
(Wilson, 2000, p. Another factor that has a direct impact on the marginalization of the agriculture sector is the urbanization trend sweeping Canada. Wesson (2000) tells us how “more and more Canadians live in cities, as people leave rural areas in search of employment, and cities attract the lion’s share of new immigrants. ” Developments in the manufacturing and services sectors have outpaced those of agriculture; hence, their demand for manpower is greater. There has been some talk about this being partly attributed to the sophistication and mechanization
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